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Case studies

The general approach is that a limited number of selected simulation models at the stand, landscape and EU level are further developed around specific real landscape cases. There are two cases per each of five bioclimatic zones and one more generic for the EU. This number of real cases is selected to reflect the diversity in European forests as well as the different functions they have and the main risk concerning them. All cases have some communal­ities such as the timber production and assessment of the impact of climate change on growth and competition, but each case also has specific characteristics, i.e. we will focus on certain case specific risk and management concerns, such as forest fires, coppice manage­ment, protection from natural hazards, optimized biomass production, or nature conservation.

 


 

North Karelia, FinlandKronoberg, SwedenCarpathians, RomaniaWales, UKSouth-east Veluwe, NetherlandsAtlantic, PortugalAlpine, Austria / SwitzerlandPrades, CataloniaMediterranean, Bulgaria

 

Region

The main risks

Goods and services

Adaptation options

North Boreal

North Karelian, Finland

wind and snow

timber

biomass for energy

species preference

type and intensity of thinning

rotation length

South Boreal

Kronoberg, Sweden

wind

timber

nature conservation

rotation length

use of deciduous tree species

Temperate Atlantic

Wales, UK

 

wind

pest outbreaks

 

timber

recreation

low-impact silvicultural systems

tree mixtures

Northern Plain Atlantic

SE Veluwe, Netherlands

drought

fire

timber

nature conservation

different tree species

dense forest

Central  Temperate

Black Forest, Germany

pest outbreaks

wind

drought

timber

biomass for energy

recreation

shift of species

close to nature management

Central Alpine

Montafon Valley, Austria

wind

pest outbreaks

timber

biomass for energy

carbon

nature conservation

recreation

shift of species

silvicultural regimes

Mediterranean

Prades, Spain

drought

fire

water protection

nature conservation

recreation

timber

forest fire prevention

thinning alternatives

Mediterranean Atlantic

Chamusca, Portugal

drought

fire

water protection

timber

management alternatives

Continental Mediterranean

Panagyurishte, Bulgaria

drought

fire

timber

biomass for energy

water protection

recreation

transformation from coppice stands into high stands

species control

Continental mountainous

Carpathians, Romania

drought

pest outbreaks

timber

biomass for energy

carbon

thinning intensity

rotation length

 

European

drought

wind

fire

pest outbreaks

timber

biomass for energy

carbon

nature conservation

introducing new species

adapt the forest management aims




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